Handball is a team sport that is fast-paced and requires high energy. Two teams advance the ball by passing and dribbling while trying to score goals in each other's goals. The game is played on a field 40 meters long and 20 meters wide, usually in an indoor sports hall, with seven players on each team: a goalkeeper and six field players. Matches consist of two 30-minute halves with a 10-minute break in between.
The history of handball dates back to the 19th century and the foundations of today's rules were laid in Denmark. While the game was first played in open areas, it was moved to indoor areas in the early 20th century and the number of players was reduced. At the 1972 Munich Olympics, handball was presented as an indoor sport played by teams of seven players and became an Olympic sport in this format.
Handball involves various technical and tactical skills. "Simple Attack" is used in fast attacks, "Underpass" is used between two players, and "Man-to-Man Defense" is used to prevent the opponent from making a play. "Six Zero Defense" refers to situations where all defensive players are lined up on the line, while "Five to One Defense" refers to situations where one player defends the goal while the others defend the goal. "Cheating" means making a shot by deceiving the opponent player1< /sup>.
Since handball is a sport that requires physical and mental speed, teamwork and strategic thinking, players must be in constant training and development. This encourages them not only to achieve sporting success, but also to improve in personal and social skills. Handball offers players the opportunity to develop many different physical capacities such as conditioning, flexibility, speed and coordination.